Energy & Natural Resources

Lawyers of Linkage & Mind render legal services to energy companies both in Kazakhstan and around the world, including oil & gas exploration, development & production, oil field services & equipment, and businesses specializing in mining (non- ferrous and precious metals, coal, nutramin, potash and other minerals), smelting, refining, trading and semi-manufacturing. Additionally, we work with financial institutions, private equity firms, leading developers, sponsors, financing entities, governments and export credit agencies active in the sector. We provide clients with comprehensive advice in corporate, environmental, tax, antitrust, land, commercial, employment and other areas of law regarding:

  • Oil & Gas – upstream:  license and permissions, M&A, joint ventures, oil and gas projects and financings, environmental, tax and dispute resolution. Downstream:  acquisitions, disposals and financings relating to pipelines, gas processing plants and refinery assets.
  • Mining & Metals – acquisition, financing, exploration, development, operation, extraction and exit.
  • Power - project development, M&A, funding (equity, debt and Islamic financing), energy and emissions trading, and litigation.

Our Services:

  • Due diligence
  • Investment protection strategy
  • JVs - consortium formation
  • Corporate governance
  • Preparation and review of project documentation
  • Negotiations and discussions with project participants
  • Dispute management and resolution
  • IPO’s and other equity fund raising
  • Funding and project finance (bilateral and syndicated).
  • Project development
  • Mineral concessions
  • Complex M&A
  • Private equity
  • Finance
  • Regulatory
  • Tax, including subsoil taxation
  • Environmental
  • Land issues
  • Engineering, Procurement and Construction
  • New power-related technologies
  • Electric generation
  • Renewables
  • Nuclear
  • Power marketing and trading
  • Power transmission and distribution
  • Wholesale or retail power sales and purchases
  • Legislative drafting
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News Projects

December 23, 2014

Linkage & Mind team conducted due diligence of investment project on reconstruction and modernization of Shymkent Oil Refinery Plant.

November 10, 2014

In frames of privatization of state-owned enterprises a legal audit has been carried by Linkage & Mind at East Kazakhstan Regional Energy Conpany JSC, Shygysenergotrade LLP and Mangystau electric distribution company.

October 23, 2014

Linkage & Mind lawyers acted for Samruk-Energy JSC and handled transaction on acquisition of 49% of Moynak Hydro-Electric Power Station shares.

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Advising on and assistance in obtaining right of land use for the land plot in Southern Kazakhstan region during  construction of solar power station.

Renewable Energy Company from Germany

Legal advising and support on M&A transaction relating to acquisition of 75% share  in a Kazakhstani company.

Private investment company

Comprehensive legal support in structuring of joint mining project (rare-earth metals) in Kazakhstan together with foreign investor and  national company ( Drafting of memoranda and agreement on cooperation in view of protection and prevention of diluting of Client’s participatory share; preparing legal opinion on structuring of group with a view of tax efficiency and IPO of a holding company.

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80 000 000 USD is the average price of transactions in mining